Research found immune cells that allow cancer cells to 'hibernate' - Hangzhou Kangji Medical Instrument Co., Ltd.
- Jan 13, 2019 -

Cancer cells are hard to be completely eliminated, so can they retreat and save patients by putting them into a permanent "hibernation" state? Australian researchers have discovered an immune cell with such a function, which is expected to provide new ideas for the treatment of cancer.

Researchers at the Australian Taylorson Children's Institute reported in the British journal Nature that they found that an immune cell called TRM cells puts melanoma cells in a "hibernation" state. Melanoma is a cancer caused by lesions in the pigmented tissue on the skin, and there is currently no effective treatment.

The study found that the growth of melanoma cells was inhibited in the presence of TRM cells, just like "hibernation." However, if TRM cells are removed, melanoma cells will grow rapidly, leading to an increase in cancer symptoms.

The researchers said that the scientific community has known that malignant tumor cells may "peacefully lurk" in the human body for several years or even decades before causing life-threatening symptoms, but there has been a lack of in-depth understanding of the relevant mechanisms. The TRM cells discovered this time may also be effective against other types of cancer cells, which helps develop new ways to treat cancer.